The dried puppy, cleaned from mucus and foetal sac, should be attached to the mother immediately. The puppy should start sucking from the teat as soon as possible. The necessity of close contact with mother and puppies immediately after birth is important for two reasons: 1. The mother produces the first milk (colostrum, which is rich in antibodies that protect the puppy against diseases during the first days of life) in the first 24 hours after delivery. 2. The smell of the puppies initiates a series of instinctive behaviours. ... [Read more...]
A slight drop in weight is normal because the colostrum has laxative effect and cleans the puppy’s intestines from mekonium. Should the bitch have plenty of milk, the puppies may drink their weight. The puppies do not require special attention from the breeder. During the first 14 days, they are in their vegetative phase and spend all of their time eating or sleeping. They are isolated creatures that do not feel anything except their needs, not even their littermates. When they whimper they are either hungry or cold or need to be relieved. ... [Read more...]
Umbilical stub falls off. It does not require special attention unless the area is red.
No particular changes in the puppies’ behaviour can be observed. They sleep or suck all day and the mother helps them to pee. They poo only sporadically (once every 3-4 days), using all of the milk for growth. They gain weight every day. The mother cleans herself for about three weeks; the vaginal discharge is reddish-brown and odourless. The mother cleans the litter box and the puppies and leaves them only when she needs to go out. Ideally, the breeder only cares about the wellbeing of the mother.